International community must pressure Myanmar to secure repatriation of Rohingya


by Jubeda Chowdhury

A resolution presented by the OIC and the EU on the protection of the Rohingya was adopted unanimously by the United Nations quite recently. This is the first time since the start of the crisis in 2017 that a resolution on the Rohingya has been unanimously adopted by the United Nations. Observers say the UN’s recognition is a reflection of the international community’s strong commitment to resolving the crisis. In addition to the EU and the OIC, the resolution is supported and co-sponsored by a large number of countries
in various geographic regions, including the United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Switzerland, Japan and South Korea.

The resolution mainly focuses on the human rights situation in Rohingya Muslim communities and other minorities in Myanmar, as well as the context in which the country declared a state of emergency on February 1. The resolution called on Myanmar to uncover the root causes of the Rohingya. problem, fulfill the obligations of the bilateral agreement signed with Bangladesh and fully cooperate with all human rights organizations, including the UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy to Myanmar. Currently, 11 Rohingya lakhs are hosted in Bangladesh.

The global community has expressed solidarity with Bangladesh for providing refuge for the Rohingya on humanitarian grounds and urging the repatriation of the Rohingya. The Burmese authorities have agreed to repatriate the Rohingyas in the face of international pressure. They did not take back the Rohingyas even after two rounds of time. In this situation, as part of regular diplomacy, Bangladesh has raised the issue of the Rohingya crisis in various forums around the world, but everyone is quietly listening, no response or action is seen. Citizens of neighboring Myanmar have been granted asylum in Bangladesh on humanitarian grounds. The additional responsibility of this large number of people is certainly a big burden for Bangladesh. Frustration among the Rohingya is escalating over the lack of progress on repatriation, which is creating various security concerns and instability in the region.

There have already been killings in the Rohingya camps. Social ills like theft-theft-theft are on the rise. The administration must always monitor the public order situation in the camps. We hope that this crisis will be resolved soon. A political solution to the Rohingya issue is essential for lasting peace, stability and security in the region. Our bilateral relations with Myanmar are deteriorating due to non-repatriation. The regional crisis is also worsening. The inhabitants suffer from various problems due to the Rohingya. The only way to resolve the crisis is to return the Rohingya to Myanmar as soon as possible.

But unfortunately this initiative is not working. Only pressure from the international community can force Myanmar to repatriate the displaced Rohingya. The diplomatic process with the international community must be relaunched to put pressure on Myanmar to begin repatriation.

About the writer:

Jubeda Chowdhury, a private tutor from Dhaka City and a freelance writer. With a master’s degree in international relations from the University of Dhaka.

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