In her call to resist proposals to “roll back protections” against the trans community, UN chief human rights officer Michelle Bachelet insisted that wherever they live their rights must be respected. law and practice.
Speaking at the Copenhagen Human Rights Forum on Tuesday, Bachelet explained what it means to be “truly included”, saying that “every country in the world” should recognize the gender of trans people “on the basis of self-identification ”.
Limited advances in legal protections
Although there has been “progress” in the legal protection of trans rights since Argentina’s “pioneering” law in 2012, only a “small minority of countries” have taken similar steps, the High said. -Commissioner.
She warned that where there are laws that recognize the gender of trans people, they are often accompanied by “deeply abusive and humiliating demands,” ranging from forced sterilization to medical certification and divorce.
“That it is by no means inclusive,” she stressed.
The right to security
Ms. Bachalet welcomed that “more and more States” are taking “measures against hate crimes based on sexual orientation and gender identity” and noted that the law adopted in Chile to fight against Homophobic and transphobic crimes follow the murder and torture of Daniel Zamudio, a young homosexual.
But, she warned that reality “is always a systematic pattern of violence and abuse, even murder, for millions of LGBTI people around the world – with many crimes that are not even investigated ”.
No safe diet
The High Commissioner drew attention to a landmark case in Honduras in June, where the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled that the Honduran government was responsible for the 2009 murder of a transgender woman.
And in the European Union, “more than half of LGBT people have reported threats and harassment.”
“No region is immune“, she said.
Violence and abuse can take many forms, ranging from “harmful medical procedures on intersex children” to so-called “conversion therapy” targeting young lesbians, gays, bi and trans, she said.
Describing how LGBTI youth often face exclusion from their own families and communities, which can force them to leave their homes and enter a vicious cycle of vulnerability, Ms. Bachelet called for “urgent action to address abuse and hate crimes ”.
No region is immune – United Nations High Commissioner
Freedom to be “who you are”
The OHCHR official called for both the freedom to “be who you are without fear of persecution” and “to love”.
She praised the progress made in more than 70 countries to decriminalize consensual same-sex relationships, but warned that 69 countries continue to have discriminatory laws used to “arrest, harass, blackmail and exclude”, based on the perceived sexual orientation or gender identity. of individuals.
In five of those states, the laws are so extreme that they include the death penalty.
Efforts to repeal all laws that “deny humanity, dignity and basic human rights must be accelerated,” Ms. Bachelet said.
“There is no inclusion without equal opportunities,” said the High Commissioner.
She noted that despite the adoption of more comprehensive national anti-discrimination laws, “only a third of countries prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation”; only one in 10 against trans people and only one in 20 against intersex people.
Paying tribute to LGBTI human rights defenders who, “often risking their lives, work tirelessly for many LGBTI people across the world,” the UN human rights chief called for their increased support, by especially to those who receive the least funding.